Ontario Works provides financial and employment assistance to people who are in temporary financial need. Financial assistance includes income support to help with the costs of basic needs, like food, clothing and shelter, and health benefits for clients and their families.

Employment assistance includes assistance to help clients find, prepare for and keep a job, such as workshops on resume writing and interviewing, job counselling, job-specific training and access to basic education, so clients can finish high school or improve their language skills

Section A: Cases

Table 1: Cases, Dependents and Beneficiaries, by Family Structure

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 % December 2016 to March 2017 %
Ontario Works          
Cases1 255,612 247,733 253,832 -0.7% 2.5%
Dependents 194,272 191,645 199,534 2.7% 4.1%
DependentChildren Under 18 157,314 155,804 161,997 3.0% 4.0%
DependentAdults 12,945 12,658 13,021 0.6% 2.9%
Spouses 24,013 23,183 24,516 2.1% 5.7%
Beneficiaries2 449,884 439,379 453,366 0.8% 3.2%
Singles without children          
Cases1 159,645 154,066 158,085 -1.0% 2.6%
Couples without children          
Cases1 5,965 5,477 5,557 -6.8% 1.5%
Dependents 5,965 5,477 5,557 -6.8% 1.5%
Spouses 5,965 5,477 5,557 -6.8% 1.5%
Beneficiaries2 11,930 10,954 11,113 -6.8% 1.5%
Couples with children          
Cases1 18,048 17,706 18,960 5.1% 7.1%
Dependents 59,998 59,478 65,119 8.5% 9.5%
DependentChildren Under 18 38,882 38,768 42,997 10.6% 10.9%
DependentAdults 3,068 3,004 3,162 3.1% 5.3%
Spouses 18,048 17,706 18,960 5.1% 7.1%
Beneficiaries2 78,046 77,184 84,079 7.7% 8.9%
Singles with children          
Cases1 71,954 70,484 71,231 -1.0% 1.1%
Dependents 128,309 126,690 128,858 0.4% 1.7%
DependentChildren Under 18 118,432 117,037 119,000 0.5% 1.7%
DependentAdults 9,876 9,653 9,858 -0.2% 2.1%
Beneficiaries2 200,263 197,174 200,089 -0.1% 1.5%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

2 - The number of beneficiaries refers to the total number of single individuals and heads of family units on social assistance plus all their dependents (i.e., spouses, dependent children and dependent adults).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

OW Trends Figure 1 OW Trends Figure 2 OW Trends Figure 3 OW Trends Figure 4

Table 2: Cases1, by Family Structure and Sex of the Head of the Family

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 % December 2016 to March 2017 %
Ontario Works          
Female 135,088 132,059 133,878 -0.9% 1.4%
Male 120,524 115,674 119,954 -0.5% 3.7%
Singles without Children          
Female 57,619 56,566 57,687 0.1% 2.0%
Male 102,027 97,500 100,398 -1.6% 3.0%
Couples without Children          
Female 2,455 2,215 2,196 -10.5% -0.8%
Male 3,510 3,262 3,360 -4.3% 3.0%
Couples with Children          
Female 8,132 7,684 7,747 -4.7% 0.8%
Male 9,916 10,022 11,213 13.1% 11.9%
Singles with Children          
Female 66,883 65,595 66,247 -1.0% 1.0%
Male 5,071 4,889 4,984 -1.7% 1.9%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Table 3: Cases1, by Family Structure and Age of the Head of the Family

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 % December 2016 to March 2017 %
Ontario Works          
Under 18 years old 1,709 1,524 1,518 -11.2% -0.4%
18-21 years old 20,165 18,158 18,748 -7.0% 3.2%
22-24 years old 23,464 22,102 22,416 -4.5% 1.4%
25-34 years old 76,893 75,763 77,999 1.4% 3.0%
35-44 years old 54,808 54,068 55,881 2.0% 3.4%
45-54 years old 47,741 45,770 46,241 -3.1% 1.0%
55-64 years old 29,540 28,884 29,376 -0.6% 1.7%
65 years old and over 1,292 1,464 1,653 27.9% 12.9%
Singles without children          
Under 18 years old 1,426 1,290 1,284 -10.0% -0.5%
18-21 years old 14,879 13,493 14,136 -5.0% 4.8%
22-24 years old 15,358 14,611 15,008 -2.3% 2.7%
25-34 years old 43,036 42,206 43,802 1.8% 3.8%
35-44 years old 27,248 26,825 27,517 1.0% 2.6%
45-54 years old 32,105 30,383 30,558 -4.8% 0.6%
55-64 years old 24,574 24,097 24,493 -0.3% 1.6%
65 years old and over 1,018 1,161 1,287 26.4% 10.9%
Couples without children          
Under 18 years old 9 13 4 -55.6% -69.2%
18-21 years old 582 451 484 -16.8% 7.3%
22-24 years old 465 429 367 -21.1% -14.5%
25-34 years old 1,107 1,072 1,098 -0.8% 2.4%
35-44 years old 756 677 692 -8.5% 2.2%
45-54 years old 1,136 1,031 1,048 -7.7% 1.6%
55-64 years old 1,716 1,582 1,595 -7.1% 0.8%
65 years old and over 193 222 268 38.9% 20.7%
Couples with children          
Under 18 years old 22 15 16 -27.3% 6.7%
18-21 years old 775 686 729 -5.9% 6.3%
22-24 years old 1,184 1,080 1,073 -9.4% -0.6%
25-34 years old 5,335 5,296 5,654 6.0% 6.8%
35-44 years old 5,696 5,643 6,280 10.3% 11.3%
45-54 years old 3,803 3,756 3,908 2.8% 4.0%
55-64 years old 1,189 1,189 1,244 4.6% 4.6%
65 years old and over 44 43 56 27.3% 30.2%
Singles with children          
Under 18 years old 251 207 214 -14.7% 3.4%
18-21 years old 3,929 3,528 3,399 -13.5% -3.7%
22-24 years old 6,456 5,983 5,969 -7.5% -0.2%
25-34 years old 27,415 27,189 27,446 0.1% 0.9%
35-44 years old 21,108 20,923 21,391 1.3% 2.2%
45-54 years old 10,696 10,600 10,727 0.3% 1.2%
55-64 years old 2,061 2,016 2,044 -0.8% 1.4%
65 years old and over 38 38 42 10.5% 10.5%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Table 4: Cases1, by Family Structure and Family Size

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017

March 2016 to March 2017

December 2016 to March 2017
Ontario Works          
1 member 159,645 154,066 >158,085 -1.0% 2.6%
2 members 42,629 40,887 40,865 -4.1% -0.1%
3 members 26,803 26,167 26,754 -0.2% 2.2%
4 members 15,093 15,098 15,621 3.5% 3.5%
5 members 7,101 7,097 7,516 5.8% 5.9%
6 or more members 4,340 4,418 4,991 15.0% 13.0%
Singles without children          
1 member 159,645 154,066 158,085 -1.0% 2.6%
Couples without children          
2 members 5,965 5,477 5,557 -6.8% 1.5%
Couples with children          
3 members 5,452 5,150 5,270 -3.3% 2.3%
4 members 5,947 5,812 6,069 2.1% 4.4%
5 members 3,860 3,874 4,215 9.2% 8.8%
6 or more members 2,789 2,870 3,406 22.1% 18.7%
Singles with children          
2 members 36,664 35,410 35,308 -3.7% -0.3%
3 members 21,352 21,016 21,484 0.6% 2.2%
4 members 9,146 9,286 9,553 4.5% 2.9%
5 members 3,241 3,222 3,302 1.9% 2.5%
6 or more members 1,551 1,548 1,585 2.2% 2.4%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Table 5: Cases1, by Family Structure and Age of Youngest Child

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Number of Cases with Children 90,002 88,190 90,190 0.2% 2.3%
5 years old and under 47,481 46,343 47,702 0.5% 2.9%
6-12 years old 26,009 25,833 26,346 1.3% 2.0%
13-17 years old 11,520 11,225 11,249 -2.4% 0.2%
18 years old and over 4,992 4,788 4,893 -2.0% 2.2%
Couples with children 18,048 17,706 18,960 5.1% 7.1%
5 years old and under 11,111 10,865 11,846 6.6% 9.0%
6-12 years old 4,361 4,380 4,630 6.2% 5.7%
13-17 years old 1,835 1,754 1,740 -5.2% -0.8%
18 years old and over 741 708 744 0.4% 5.1%
Singles with children 71,954 70,484 71,231 -1.0% 1.1%
5 years old and under 36,370 35,478 35,856 -1.4% 1.1%
6-12 years old 21,648 21,454 21,716 0.3% 1.2%
13-17 years old 9,686 9,471 9,510 -1.8% 0.4%
18 years old and over 4,251 4,081 4,149 -2.4% 1.7%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Table 6: Cases1, by Family Structure and Length of Time on Social Assistance

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 % December 2016 to March 2017 %
Ontario Works          
1-4 months 43,626 41,214 45,188 3.6% 9.6%
5-12 months 51,592 51,822 53,512 3.7% 3.3%
13-18 months 27,890 24,960 25,970 -6.9% 4.0%
19+ months 132,504 129,737 129,161 -2.5% -0.4%
Average time on assistance (months) 33 34 34 3.0% 0.0%
Singles without children          
1-4 months 33,167 30,541 32,795 -1.1% 7.4%
5-12 months 35,526 35,799 36,842 3.7% 2.9%
13-18 months 18,938 16,350 17,394 -8.2% 6.4%
19+ months 72,015 71,377 71,054 -1.3% -0.5%
Average time on assistance (months) 27 29 29 7.4% 0.0%
Couples without children          
1-4 months 1,188 1,050 1,202 1.2% 14.5%
5-12 months 1,280 1,243 1,220 -4.7% -1.9%
13-18 months 689 595 599 -13.1% 0.7%
19+ months 2,809 2,588 2,535 -9.8% -2.0%
Average time on assistance (months) 29 30 29 0.0% -3.3%
Couples with children          
1-4 months 2,315 2,426 3,525 52.3% 45.3%
5-12 months 3,315 3,326 3,573 7.8% 7.4%
13-18 months 1,865 1,829 1,847 -1.0% 1.0%
19+ months 10,552 10,125 10,016 -5.1% -1.1%
Average time on assistance (months) 36 36 34 -5.6% -5.6%
Singles with children          
1-4 months 6,956 7,197 7,666 10.2% 6.5%
5-12 months 11,471 11,453 11,877 3.5% 3.7%
13-18 months 6,398 6,186 6,131 -4.2% -0.9%
19+ months 47,129 45,647 45,557 -3.3% -0.2%
Average time on assistance (months) 45 46 46 2.2% 0.0%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Fig 5: Distribution of Ontario Works Cases by Length of Time (months) on Assistance, March 2016 and March 2017

OW Trends Figure 5

Table 7: Cases1 by Family Structure and Type of Accommodation

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Ontario Works          
Boarders 4,229 3,580 3,690 -12.7% 3.1%
Owners 4,693 4,278 4,391 -6.4% 2.6%
Renters 240,620 232,705 237,870 -1.1% 2.2%
Private market 224,453 218,096 223,529 -0.4% 2.5%
Subsidized 16,167 14,610 14,341 -11.3% -1.8%
Others 6,071 7,170 7,881 29.8% 9.9%
Singles without children          
Boarders 3,808 3,217 3,322 -12.8% 3.3%
Owners 2,243 2,052 2,127 -5.2% 3.7%
Renters 148,313 142,666 146,003 -1.6% 2.3%
Private market 142,673 137,484 140,935 -1.2% 2.5%
Subsidized 5,639 5,182 5,067 -10.1% -2.2%
Others 5,282 6,131 6,632 25.6% 8.2%
Couples without children          
Boarders 38 25 37 -2.6% 48.0%
Owners 339 280 296 -12.7% 5.7%
Renters 5,518 5,095 5,127 -7.1% 0.6%
Private market 5,396 4,992 5,023 -6.9% 0.6%
Subsidized 121 103 104 -14.0% 1.0%
Others 70 78 96 37.1% 23.1%
Couples with children          
Boarders 21 20 25 19.0% 25.0%
Owners 747 670 649 -13.1% -3.1%
Renters 17,190 16,896 18,128 5.5% 7.3%
Private market 15,934 15,843 17,104 7.3% 8.0%
Subsidized 1,256 1,052 1,024 -18.5% -2.7%
Others 90 121 157 74.4% 29.8%
Singles with children          
Boarders 362 318 306 -15.5% -3.8%
Owners 1,363 1,276 1,318 -3.3% 3.3%
Renters 69,600 68,050 68,612 -1.4% 0.8%
Private market 60,449 59,777 60,466 0.0% 1.2%
Subsidized 9,151 8,273 8,146 -11.0% -1.5%
Others 628 841 995 58.4% 18.3%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Fig 6: Distribution of Ontario Works Cases by Type of Accommodation, March 2016 and March 2017

OW Trends Figure 6

Table 8: Cases1, by Consolidated Municipal Service Managers

    March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2017 - as a % of Total Cases March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Toronto Toronto CMSM 75,492 74,614 75,587 29.8% 0.1% 1.3%
Central East Durham CMSM 8,821 8,324 8,561 3.4% -2.9% 2.8%
  Kawartha Lakes CMSM 1,697 1,529 1,570 0.6% -7.5% 2.7%
  Northumberland CMSM 845 745 785 0.3% -7.1% 5.4%
  Peterborough CMSM 3,691 3,609 3,682 1.5% -0.2% 2.0%
  Simcoe CMSM 6,694 5,727 5,743 2.3% -14.2% 0.3%
  York CMSM 5,860 5,551 5,778 2.3% -1.4% 4.1%
Central West Dufferin CMSM 494 481 511 0.2% 3.4% 6.2%
  Halton CMSM 2,046 1,913 2,013 0.8% -1.6% 5.2%
  Peel CMSM 18,170 17,919 18,682 7.4% 2.8% 4.3%
  Waterloo CMSM 8,667 8,693 9,055 3.6% 4.5% 4.2%
  Wellington CMSM 2,146 2,055 2,083 0.8% -2.9% 1.4%
Hamilton/Niagara Brant CMSM 2,142 1,987 2,041 0.8% -4.7% 2.7%
  Hamilton CMSM 12,583 12,204 12,642 5.0% 0.5% 3.6%
  Niagara CMSM 10,513 9,947 10,110 4.0% -3.8% 1.6%
  Norfolk CMSM 1,368 1,272 1,305 0.5% -4.6% 2.6%
South West Bruce CMSM 616 520 566 0.2% -8.1% 8.8%
  Chatham-Kent CMSM 2,860 2,630 2,688 1.1% -6.0% 2.2%
  Grey CMSM 1,352 1,292 1,354 0.5% 0.1% 4.8%
  Huron CMSM 463 422 447 0.2% -3.5% 5.9%
  Lambton CMSM 3,004 2,872 2,972 1.2% -1.1% 3.5%
  London CMSM 12,225 11,796 12,320 4.9% 0.8% 4.4%
  Oxford CMSM 1,419 1,312 1,295 0.5% -8.7% -1.3%
  St. Thomas CMSM 1,587 1,437 1,486 0.6% -6.4% 3.4%
  Stratford CMSM 641 626 662 0.3% 3.3% 5.8%
  Windsor CMSM 8,932 8,161 8,284 3.3% -7.3% 1.5%
South East Hastings CMSM 2,916 2,582 2,615 1.0% -10.3% 1.3%
  Kingston CMSM 2,714 2,571 2,670 1.1% -1.6% 3.9%
  Lanark CMSM 1,097 1,096 1,084 0.4% -1.2% -1.1%
  Leeds & Grenville CMSM 1,693 1,609 1,668 0.7% -1.5% 3.7%
  Prince Edward-Lennox & Addington CMSM 897 806 851 0.3% -5.1% 5.6%
Eastern Cornwall CMSM 2,307 2,134 2,095 0.8% -9.2% -1.8%
  Ottawa CMSM 19,055 19,269 19,838 7.8% 4.1% 3.0%
  Prescott & Russell CMSM 1,076 978 1,023 0.4% -4.9% 4.6%
  Renfrew CMSM 1,271 1,242 1,332 0.5% 4.8% 7.2%
North East Cochrane DSSAB 1,325 1,372 1,431 0.6% 8.0% 4.3%
  Muskoka CMSM 935 869 915 0.4% -2.1% 5.3%
  Nipissing DSSAB 2,377 2,258 2,365 0.9% -0.5% 4.7%
  Parry Sound DSSAB 842 752 774 0.3% -8.1% 2.9%
  Timiskaming DSSAB 632 635 676 0.3% 7.0% 6.5%
Northern Algoma DSSAB 722 705 715 0.3% -1.0% 1.4%
  Kenora DSSAB 636 601 626 0.2% -1.6% 4.2%
  Manitoulin-Sudbury DSSAB 524 513 521 0.2% -0.6% 1.6%
  Rainy River DSSAB 270 206 214 0.1% -20.7% 3.9%
  Sault Ste. Marie DSSAB 2,117 2,068 2,168 0.9% 2.4% 4.8%
  Greater Sudbury CMSM 3,456 3,382 3,484 1.4% 0.8% 3.0%
  Thunder Bay DSSAB 2,898 2,931 2,951 1.2% 1.8% 0.7%
  First Nations and Specialty Offices2 (Estimates) 11,524 11,516 11,594 4.6% 0.6% 0.7%
  Provincial Total 255,612 247,733 253,832 100.0% -0.7% 2.5%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

2 - Specialty offices in Kenora and Sault Ste. Marie are funded 100% by the province.

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Ontario Works Table 9: Cases1, by Family Structure and Employment Earnings

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Ontario Works          
Cases 255,612 247,733 253,832 -0.7% 2.5%
Earners 29,732 33,124 31,713 6.7% -4.3%
% Earners 12% 13% 12%    
Average Net Earnings, monthly($) 737 790 758 2.8% -4.1%
Singles without children          
Cases 159,645 154,066 158,085 -1.0% 2.6%
Earners 13,000 15,451 14,360 10.5% -7.1%
% Earners 8% 10% 9%    
Average Net Earnings, monthly($) 550 613 574 4.3% -6.4%
Couples without children          
Cases 5,965 5,477 5,557 -6.8% 1.5%
Earners 1,260 1,268 1,182 -6.2% -6.8%
% Earners 21% 23% 21%    
Average Net Earnings, monthly($) 863 948 873 1.1% -7.9%
Couples with children          
Cases 18,048 17,706 18,960 5.1% 7.1%
Earners 4,742 4,941 4,807 1.4% -2.7%
% Earners 26% 28% 25%    
Average Net Earnings, monthly($) 1,027 1,086 1,053 2.5% -3.0%
Singles with children          
Cases 71,954 70,484 71,231 -1.0% 1.1%
Earners 10,731 11,463 11,365 5.9% -0.9%
% Earners 15% 16% 16%    
Average Net Earnings, monthly($) 820 884 852 3.9% -3.5%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Fig 7: Distribution of Ontario Works Earners by Family Type, March 2016 and March 2017

OW Trends Figure 7

Table 10: Cases1, by Family Structure and Other (Selected) Sources of   Income

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 December to March 2017
Ontario Works          
OAS/GIS 120 108 114 -5.2% 5.7%
Support payments 12,795 12,153 351 -97.3% -97.1%
Child 9,099 8,308 13 -99.9% -99.8%
Spouse 264 224 279 5.6% 24.2%
Global* 3,432 3,621 60 -98.3% -98.4%
Employment Insurance 587 588 678 15.4% 15.2%
Canada Pension Plan 4,204 4,091 3,877 -7.8% -5.2%
Disabled Benefits 181 166 135 -25.4% -18.4%
Survivor/Retired/Other Benefits 4,022 3,926 3,741 -7.0% -4.7%
Workplace Safety Insurance Board 581 501 509 -12.4% 1.6%
Singles without children          
Employment Insurance 159 183 199 25.0% 8.5%
Canada Pension Plan 3,042 3,052 3,029 -0.4% -0.8%
Disabled Benefits 85 70 58 -32.1% -18.0%
Survivor/Retired/Other Benefits 2,957 2,982 2,972 0.5% -0.4%
Workplace Safety Insurance Board 428 376 377 -12.0% 0.2%
Couples without children          
Employment Insurance 34 25 41 21.9% 62.4%
Canada Pension Plan 362 300 293 -19.1% -2.2%
Disabled Benefits 26 25 21 -20.0% -16.7%
Survivor/Retired/Other Benefits 336 275 272 -19.0% -0.8%
Workplace Safety Insurance Board 35 29 32 -6.0% 10.6%
Couples with children          
Employment Insurance 160 119 164 2.6% 37.6%
Canada Pension Plan 92 69 65 -29.5% -6.1%
Disabled Benefits 13 8 6 -50.0% -25.1%
Survivor/Retired/Other Benefits 80 61 59 -26.3% -3.5%
Workplace Safety Insurance Board 49 39 40 -19.1% 2.6%
Singles with children          
Employment Insurance 235 260 273 16.5% 5.2%
Canada Pension Plan 707 670 489 -30.8% -27.0%
Disabled Benefits 58 62 50 -12.7% -18.7%
Survivor/Retired/Other Benefits 649 608 439 -32.4% -27.8%
Workplace Safety Insurance Board 69 57 60 -13.6% 5.5%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

* Support order that does not specify a support amount for each individual (child or spouse), but provides a total amount for all individuals (i.e., all children and in some cases, the spouse)

Data suppressed to protect the confidentiality of social assistance recipient’s personal information.

Child support payments have been fully exempt from social assistance benefit calculations since January 1, 2017.

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Section B: Beneficiaries

Table 11: Beneficiaries1, by Consolidated Municipal Service Managers

    March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2017 - as a % of Total Beneficiaries March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Toronto Toronto CMSM 135,599 133,668 135,373 29.9% -0.2% 1.3%
Central East              
  Durham CMSM 14,724 14,171 14,566 3.2% -1.1% 2.8%
  Kawartha Lakes CMSM 2,729 2,473 2,534 0.6% -7.1% 2.5%
  Northumberland CMSM 1,440 1,227 1,287 0.3% -10.6% 4.9%
  Peterborough CMSM 6,053 5,931 6,034 1.3% -0.3% 1.7%
  Simcoe CMSM 10,990 9,498 9,543 2.1% -13.2% 0.5%
  York CMSM 10,008 9,705 10,065 2.2% 0.6% 3.7%
Central West              
  Dufferin CMSM 836 853 913 0.2% 9.2% 7.0%
  Halton CMSM 3,592 3,512 3,698 0.8% 3.0% 5.3%
  Peel CMSM 34,081 33,886 35,649 7.9% 4.6% 5.2%
  Waterloo CMSM 15,413 15,601 16,720 3.7% 8.5% 7.2%
  Wellington CMSM 3,551 3,462 3,564 0.8% 0.4% 2.9%
Hamilton-Niagara              
  Brant CMSM 3,747 3,498 3,602 0.8% -3.9% 3.0%
  Hamilton CMSM 22,583 22,172 23,657 5.2% 4.8% 6.7%
  Niagara CMSM 17,284 16,462 16,658 3.7% -3.6% 1.2%
  Norfolk CMSM 2,254 2,103 2,184 0.5% -3.1% 3.8%
South West              
  Bruce CMSM 1,000 888 1,003 0.2% 0.3% 13.0%
  Chatham-Kent CMSM 5,095 4,811 4,917 1.1% -3.5% 2.2%
  Grey CMSM 2,277 2,167 2,301 0.5% 1.1% 6.2%
  Huron CMSM 788 752 803 0.2% 1.9% 6.8%
  Lambton CMSM 4,917 4,746 4,904 1.1% -0.3% 3.3%
  London CMSM 21,253 20,771 22,240 4.9% 4.6% 7.1%
  Oxford CMSM 2,313 2,181 2,163 0.5% -6.5% -0.8%
  St. Thomas CMSM 2,720 2,569 2,637 0.6% -3.1% 2.6%
  Stratford CMSM 1,059 1,041 1,106 0.2% 4.4% 6.2%
  Windsor CMSM 16,854 15,629 16,261 3.6% -3.5% 4.0%
South East              
  Hastings CMSM 4,978 4,422 4,492 1.0% -9.8% 1.6%
  Kingston CMSM 4,391 4,089 4,225 0.9% -3.8% 3.3%
  Lanark CMSM 1,909 1,932 1,893 0.4% -0.8% -2.0%
  Leeds & Grenville CMSM 2,917 2,793 2,888 0.6% -1.0% 3.4%
  Prince Edward-Lennox & Addington CMSM 1,541 1,351 1,431 0.3% -7.1% 5.9%
Eastern              
  Cornwall CMSM 4,226 4,007 3,974 0.9% -6.0% -0.8%
  Ottawa CMSM 34,114 35,011 36,617 8.1% 7.3% 4.6%
  Prescott & Russell CMSM 1,900 1,763 1,858 0.4% -2.2% 5.4%
  Renfrew CMSM 2,152 2,178 2,328 0.5% 8.2% 6.9%
North East              
  Cochrane DSSAB 2,502 2,498 2,662 0.6% 6.4% 6.6%
  Muskoka CMSM 1,477 1,434 1,482 0.3% 0.3% 3.3%
  Nipissing DSSAB 3,876 3,672 3,818 0.8% -1.5% 4.0%
  Parry Sound DSSAB 1,380 1,261 1,314
0.3%
-4.8% 4.2%
  Timiskaming DSSAB 984 1,040 1,131 0.2% 14.9% 8.8%
Northern              
  Algoma DSSAB 1,232 1,183 1,202 0.3% -2.4% 1.6%
  Kenora DSSAB 1,332 1,267 1,283 0.3% -3.7% 1.3%
  Manitoulin-Sudbury DSSAB 864 876 877 0.2% 1.5% 0.1%
  Rainy River DSSAB 488 383 399 0.1% -18.2% 4.2%
  Sault Ste. Marie DSSAB 3,368 3,285 3,498 0.8% 3.9% 6.5%
  Greater Sudbury CMSM 5,578 5,455 5,604 1.2% 0.5% 2.7%
  Thunder Bay DSSAB 5,232 5,306 5,328 1.2% 1.8% 0.4%
First Nations and Specialty Offices 2 (Estimates) 20,283 20,395 20,680 4.6% 2.0% 1.4%
  Provincial Total 449,884 439,379 453,366 100.0% 0.8% 3.2%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - The number of beneficiaries refers to the total number of single individuals and heads of family units on social assistance plus all their dependents (i.e., spouses, dependent children and dependent adults).

2 - Specialty offices in Kenora and Sault Ste. Marie are funded 100% by the province.

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Section C: Children

Table 12: Dependent Children1, by Family Type

  March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Ontario Works 157,314 155,804 161,997 3.0% 4.0%
Sex of Head of Family          
Female 129,427 127,442 129,333 -0.1% 1.5%
Male 27,887 28,363 32,664 17.1% 15.2%
Age of Child          
5 years old & younger 63,624 62,219 64,548 1.5% 3.7%
6-12 years old 62,198 62,365 65,195 4.8% 4.5%
13-17 years old 31,492 31,220 32,254 2.4% 3.3%
Two-Parent Families 38,882 38,768 42,997 10.6% 10.9%
Sex of Head of Family          
Female 17,698 16,974 17,114 -3.3% 0.8%
Male 21,184 21,793 25,883 22.2% 18.8%
Age of Child          
5 years old & younger 16,615 16,164 17,848 7.4% 10.4%
6-12 years old 14,903 15,263 17,274 15.9% 13.2%
13-17 years old 7,364 7,341 7,875 6.9% 7.3%
Single-Parent Families 118,432 117,037 119,000 0.5% 1.7%
Sex of Head of Family          
Female 111,729 110,467 112,219 0.4% 1.6%
Male 6,703 6,569 6,781 1.2% 3.2%
Age of Child          
5 years old & younger 47,009 46,055 46,700 -0.7% 1.4%
6-12 years old 47,295 47,102 47,921 1.3% 1.7%
13-17 years old 24,128 23,879 24,379 1.0% 2.1%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - Dependent children refers to children under 18 years of age, who reside in the same dwelling place as the social assistance recipient.

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Fig 8: Distribution of Ontario Works Children by Family Type, March 2016 and March 2017

OW Trend Figure 8

Fig 9: Distribution of Ontario Works Children by Age of Child, March 2016 and March 2017

OW Trend Figure 9

Table 13: Dependent Children1, by Consolidated Municipal Service Managers

    March 2016 December 2016 March 2017 March 2017 - as a % of Total Children March 2016 to March 2017 December 2016 to March 2017
Toronto Toronto CMSM 46,617 45,934 46,525 28.7% -0.2% 1.3%
Central East              
Durham CMSM 5,036 5,049 5,158 3.2% 2.4% 2.2%
Kawartha Lakes CMSM 850 782 805 0.5% -5.3% 2.9%
Northumberland CMSM 486 395 426 0.3% -12.3% 7.8%
Peterborough CMSM 1,898 1,899 1,923 1.2% 1.3% 1.3%
Simcoe CMSM 3,705 3,263 3,307 2.0% -10.7% 1.3%
York CMSM 3,311 3,347 3,457 2.1% 4.4% 3.3%
Central West              
Dufferin CMSM 307 335 366 0.2% 19.2% 9.3%
Halton CMSM 1,338 1,354 1,407 0.9% 5.2% 3.9%
Peel CMSM 12,983 13,046 13,769 8.5% 6.1% 5.5%
Waterloo CMSM 5,660 5,798 6,363 3.9% 12.4% 9.7%
Wellington CMSM 1,208 1,201 1,260 0.8% 4.3% 4.9%
Hamilton-Niagara              
  Brant CMSM H 1,408 1,334 1,376 0.80% -2.30% 3.10%
  amilton CMSM 8,264 8,227 9,032 5.60% 9.30% 9.80%
  Niagara CMSM 5,677 5,495 5,525 3.40% -2.70% 0.50%
  Norfolk CMSM 740 685 737 0.50% -0.40% 7.60%
South West              
  Bruce CMSM 315 314 373 0.20% 18.40% 18.80%
  Chatham-Kent CMSM 1,901 1,883 1,913 1.20% 0.60% 1.60%
  Grey CMSM 760 737 802 0.50% 5.50% 8.80%
  Huron CMSM 286 296 320 0.20% 11.90% 8.10%
  Lambton CMSM 1,625 1,601 1,649 1.00% 1.50% 3.00%
  London CMSM 7,347 7,334 8,093 5.00% 10.20% 10.30%
  Oxford CMSM 729 728 733 0.50% 0.50% 0.70%
  St. Thomas CMSM 950 961 979 0.60% 3.10% 1.90%
  Stratford CMSM 375 362 385 0.20% 2.70% 6.40%
  Windsor CMSM 6,323 5,980 6,391 3.90% 1.10% 6.90%
South West              
  Hastings CMSM 1,778 1,614 1,635 1.00% -8.00% 1.30%
  Kingston CMSM 1,392 1,290 1,319 0.80% -5.20% 2.20%
  Lanark CMSM 721 742 721 0.40% 0.00% -2.80%
  Leeds & Grenville CMSM 991 975 993 0.60% 0.20% 1.80%
  Prince Edward-Lennox & Addington CMSM 552 463 496 0.30% -10.10% 7.10%
Eastern              
  Cornwall CMSM 1,604 1,569 1,588 1.00% -1.00% 1.20%
  Ottawa CMSM 11,881 12,423 13,204 8.20% 11.10% 6.30%
  Prescott & Russell CMSM 699 664 707 0.40% 1.10% 6.50%
  Renfrew CMSM 743 810 866 0.50% 16.60% 6.90%
North East              
  Cochrane DSSAB 988 982 1,063 0.70% 7.60% 8.20%
  Muskoka CMSM 446 479 484 0.30% 8.50% 1.00%
  Nipissing DSSAB 1,275 1,202 1,233 0.80% -3.30% 2.60%
  Parry Sound DSSAB 424 410 435 0.30% 2.60% 6.10%
  Timiskaming DSSAB 301 335 386 0.20% 28.20% 15.20%
Northern              
  Algoma DSSAB 403 378 394 0.20% -2.20% 4.20%
  Kenora DSSAB 575 568 546 0.30% -5.00% -3.90%
  Manitoulin-Sudbury DSSAB 270 297 292 0.20% 8.10% -1.70%
  Rainy River DSSAB 184 156 159 0.10% -13.60% 1.90%
  Sault Ste. Marie DSSAB 1,050 1,034 1,123 0.70% 7.00% 8.60%
  Greater Sudbury CMSM 1,843 1,786 1,831 1.10% -0.70% 2.50%
  Thunder Bay DSSAB 2,003 2,066 2,065 1.30% 3.10% 0.00%
  First Nations and Specialty Offices2   (Estimates) 7,092 7,221 7,383 4.60% 4.10% 2.20%
  Provincial Total 157,314 155804 161997 100.00% 3.00% 4.00%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - Dependent children refers to children under 18 years of age, who reside in the same dwelling place as the social assistance recipient.

2 - Specialty offices in Kenora and Sault Ste. Marie are funded 100% by the province.

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Section D: Trends

Table 14a: Cases1 - Historical Trends - Number of Cases (Monthly Average)

  Singles without children Couples without children Couples with children Singles with children Ontario Works
1995-96 193,836 15,615 57,018 195,237 461,705
1996-97 160,788 14,165 51,193 171,963 398,109
1997-98 146,210 12,338 45,213 158,574 362,334
1998-99 123,021 8,549 37,183 141,739 310,493
1999-00 108,595 7,184 29,604 117,056 262,439
2000-01 91,672 6,327 22,386 95,233 215,618
2001-02 87,879 6,088 20,009 82,620 196,596
2002-03 92,979 6,231 19,345 76,581 195,137
2003-04 94,997 5,901 18,401 72,797 192,096
2004-05 97,884 5,677 17,205 70,958 191,723
2005-06 104,001 5,756 16,741 71,879 198,377
2006-07 106,474 5,598 16,028 71,142 199,242
2007-08 105,391 5,238 15,073 69,218 194,920
2008-09 112,029 5,650 15,756 68,746 202,181
2009-10 137,738 6,956 19,325 73,615 237,634
2010-11 147,283 7,176 20,355 76,465 251,280
2011-12 154,803 7,345 20,478 78,140 260,766
2012-13 155,170 6,991 20,084 77,574 259,819
2013-14 151,743 6,591 19,110 75,323 252,767
2014-15 149,279 6,160 18,219 73,245 246,903
2014/Jun 153,503 6,600 19,019 75,113 254,236
2014/Sep 147,324 6,289 18,496 74,771 246,880
2014/Dec 143,087 5,590 17,197 70,834 236,707
2015/Mar 152,353 5,750 17,584 71,905 247,592
2015-16 154,156 5,733 17,756 72,994 250,640
2015/Jun 154,494 5,722 17,839 74,159 252,215
2015/Sep 152,004 5,559 17,554 73,576 248,693
2015/Dec 151,471 5,616 17,439 71,689 246,215
2016/Mar 159,645 5,965 18,048 71,954 255,612
2016-17 156,816 5,654 18,081 71,696 252,247
2016/Jun 159,314 5,919 18,177 72,896 256,306
2016/Sep 157,587 5,622 18,106 73,085 254,400
2016/Dec 154,066 5,477 17,706 70,484 247,733
2017/Mar 158,085 5,557 18,960 71,231 253,832

Table 14b: Cases1 - Historical Trends - Percentage change over previous period

  Singles without children Couples without children Couples with children Singles with children Ontario Works
1995-96          
1996-97 -17.00% -9.30% -10.20% -11.90% -13.80%
1997-98 -9.10% -12.90% -11.70% -7.80% -9.00%
1998-99 -15.90% -30.70% -17.80% -10.60% -14.30%
1999-00 -11.70% -16.00% -20.40% -17.40% -15.50%
2000-01 -15.60% -11.90% -24.40% -18.60% -17.80%
2001-02 -4.10% -3.80% -10.60% -13.20% -8.80%
2002-03 5.80% 2.30% -3.30% -7.30% -0.70%
2003-04 2.20% -5.30% -4.90% -4.90% -1.60%
2004-05 3.00% -3.80% -6.50% -2.50% -0.20%
2005-06 6.20% 1.40% -2.70% 1.30% 3.50%
2006-07 2.40% -2.80% -4.30% -1.00% 0.40%
2007-08 -1.00% -6.40% -6.00% -2.70% -2.20%
2008-09 6.30% 7.90% 4.50% -0.70% 3.70%
2009-10 22.90% 23.10% 22.70% 7.10% 17.50%
2010-11 6.90% 3.20% 5.30% 3.90% 5.70%
2011-12 5.10% 2.30% 0.60% 2.20% 3.80%
2012-13 0.20% -4.80% -1.90% -0.70% -0.40%
2013-14 -2.20% -5.70% -4.80% -2.90% -2.70%
2014-15 -1.60% -6.50% -4.70% -2.80% -2.30%
2014/Jun -0.30% -0.60% 0.50% 2.30% 0.50%
2014/Sep -4.00% -4.70% -2.80% -0.50% -2.90%
2014/Dec -2.90% -11.10% -7.00% -5.30% -4.10%
2015/Mar 6.50% 2.90% 2.30% 1.50% 4.60%
2015-16 3.30% -6.90% -2.50% -0.30% 1.50%
2015/Jun 1.40% -0.50% 1.40% 3.10% 1.90%
2015/Sep -1.60% -2.80% -1.60% -0.80% -1.40%
2015/Dec -0.40% 1.00% -0.70% -2.60% -1.00%
2016/Mar 5.40% 6.20% 3.50% 0.40% 3.80%
2016-17 1.70% -1.40% 1.80% -1.80% 0.60%
2016/Jun -0.20% -0.80% 0.70% 1.30% 0.30%
2016/Sep -1.10% -5.00% -0.40% 0.30% -0.70%
2016/Dec -2.20% -2.60% -2.20% -3.60% -2.60%
2017/Mar 2.60% 1.50% 7.10% 1.10% 2.50%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - A case refers to a single individual or a family unit on social assistance (e.g., a family on social assistance is counted as one case).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Table 15: Beneficiaries 1 - Historical Trends - Number of Beneficiaries

  Monthly Average % change over previous period
1995-96 990,410  
1996-97 871,644 -12.00%
1997-98 796,109 -8.70%
1998-99 690,608 -13.30%
1999-00 577,620 -16.40%
2000-01 469,494 -18.70%
2001-02 419,493 -10.70%
2002-03 404,067 -3.70%
2003-04 389,754 -3.50%
2004-05 380,670 -2.30%
2005-06 386,801 1.60%
2006-07 383,068 -1.00%
2007-08 371,876 -2.90%
2008-09 380,442 2.30%
2009-10 435,721 14.50%
2010-11 457,774 5.10%
2011-12 471,154 2.90%
2012-13 468,074 -0.70%
2013-14 454,520 -2.90%
2014-15 442,942 -2.50%
2014/Jun 455,908 1.10%
2014/Sep 446,537 -2.10%
2014/Dec 425,261 -4.80%
2015/Mar 439,523 3.40%
2015-16 445,466 0.60%
2015/Jun 449,212 2.20%
2015/Sep 443,754 -1.20%
2015/Dec 437,929 -1.30%
2016/Mar 449,884 2.70%
2016-17 447,408 0.40%
2016/Jun 453,072 0.70%
2016/Sep 451,491 -0.30%
2016/Dec 439,379 -2.70%
2017/Mar 453,366 3.20%

Table 16: Children - Historical Trends - Number of Children

  Monthly Average % change over previous period
1995-96 435,777
1996-97 389,621 -10.60%
1997-98 358,739 -7.90%
1998-99 318,225 -11.30%
1999-00 264,154 -17.00%
2000-01 213,450 -19.20%
2001-02 186,410 -12.70%
2002-03 173,260 -7.10%
2003-04 164,074 -5.30%
2004-05 157,303 -4.10%
2005-06 157,248 0.00%
2006-07 153,922 -2.10%
2007-08 148,783 -3.30%
2008-09 148,941 0.10%
2009-10 162,057 8.80%
2010-11 168,059 3.70%
2011-12 170,593 1.50%
2012-13 168,576 -1.20%
2013-14 163,477 -3.00%
2014-15 159,223 -2.60%
2014/Jun 163,124 1.80%
2014/Sep 162,225 -0.60%
2014/Dec 154,039 -5.00%
2015/Mar 156,214 1.40%
2015-16 158,540 -0.40%
2015/Jun 160,465 2.70%
2015/Sep 159,157 -0.80%
2015/Dec 156,207 -1.90%
2016/Mar 157,314 0.70%
2016-17 158,425 -0.10%
2016/Jun 159,399 1.30%
2016/Sep 160,189 0.50%
2016/Dec 155,804 -2.70%
2017/Mar 161,997 4.00%

Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Data include estimates for First Nations.

1 - The number of beneficiaries refers to the total number of single individuals and heads of family units on social assistance plus all their dependents (i.e., spouses, dependent children and dependent adults).

Source: Social Assistance Management System (SAMS). First Nations numbers are estimated using subsidy claims data.

Fig 10: Ontario Works: Average Monthly Cases, Beneficiaries, and Children - Trends, 1995-96 to 2016-17

OW Trends Figure 10