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9. Glossary of Terms

Adult

A person who is 18 years of age or older.

Case Management

Case management is a collaborative process to assess, plan, implement, coordinate, monitor and evaluate the options and services required to meet the individual’s service needs.

The process often uses a person-centred planning approach to develop, implement and maintain an individual service plan with and for the individual. The process promotes the concept of choice, individualized services and supports, and individual satisfaction.

Child/Children

A person under 18 years of age.

Developmental Disability

Under the Services and Supports to Promote the Social Inclusion of Persons with Developmental Disabilities Act, 2008 and Regulation 276/10, a person has a developmental disability if the person has the prescribed significant limitations in cognitive functioning and adaptive functioning and those limitations:

  • Originated before the person reached 18 years of age.
  • Are likely to be life-long in nature.
  • Affect areas of major life activity, such as personal care, language skills, learning abilities, the capacity to live independently as an adult or any other prescribed activity.

Under Regulation 276/10, a person has significant limitations in cognitive functioning if the person meets one of the following criteria:

  • The person has an overall score of two standard deviations below the mean, plus or minus standard error measurement, on a standardized intelligence test, or
  • The person has a score of two standard deviations below the mean in two or more subscales on a standardized intelligence test and the person has a history of requiring habilitative suppor,; or
  • On the basis of a clinical determination made by a psychologist or a psychological associate, the person demonstrates significant limitations in cognitive functioning and the person has a history of requiring habilitative support.

A person has significant limitations in adaptive functioning if the person has a score of at least two standard deviations below the mean, plus or minus standard error measurement, in at least one of the areas of conceptual skills, social skills or practical skills, as measured on a standardized test of adaptive behaviour.

Family

Persons related by kinship as recognized in law including but not limited to: parents, siblings, grandparents, children, grandchildren, aunts, uncles and cousins, and including step-parents and step-siblings where there has been a settled intention to treat the individual as a member of the family.

Generic Supports and Services

Supports and services that are widely accepted and available for use by the general public. They are generally not designed for any particular group but are generic in nature such as community recreation programs, employment centres, or public libraries.

Developmental Services Ontario (referred to as Application Entity in the Act)

The single point of access to adult developmental services and supports. Each of the Ministry’s nine regions has a DSO organization.

On Their Own

Individuals living “on their own” may live independently in single occupancy housing, with a room-mate or partner, or with their children (or the children of their partner/room-mate). For purposes of the APSW program, individuals living on their own do NOT live in Ministry-funded developmental services residential settings.

Transformation of Developmental Services

In 2004, the Ministry announced it would transform the developmental services system into one that was more fair and equitable, accessible and sustainable for the future.

Individual Support Plain

A written document that is developed by a service agency with the adult with a developmental disability that identifies specific strategies that are to be undertaken to help the person with a developmental disability to achieve their goals, and the services and supports that are to be provided to the person.